USDA Zone 4 (-30°F) to USDA Zone 7 (0°F).
6-8' (2-2.5 m)
2-3 times per week
Provide enough water in fall, before freeze
Rich, soft-textured evergreen works well as a foundation plant or as background. Produces inedible red berries in fall. Lovely with rhododendron, barberry, heather, hosta, and variegated euonymus. Grows slowly. Tolerates hard pruning. Prefers well-drained soil; will tolerate alkaline (sweet) or acid (sour).